, Much of the borough is an important recharge zone for aquifers especially the area around the Sierra de Santa Catarina. 6-10 de febrero (la fecha puede variar según caiga Miércoles de Ceniza como en el año 2016): Santo Jubileo; se trata de la segunda fiesta más importante del pueblo después de la fiesta patronal y consiste en 40 horas de adoración al Santísimo Sacramento del Altar o El Cuerpo de Cristo. There was a major flood in 1499, prompting the construction of a large dike against the lake waters. About seventy percent of the population is employed in commerce and services. Areas which have maintained more of their rural character are Santa Catarina Yechuizotl (sheltered by Sierra de Santa Catarina), as well as SanJuan Ixtayopan, San Nicolas Tetelco and San Andrés Mixquic, which are mostly surrounded by chinampas and other farmland that is under protection. There are still some lake areas along with four major canals and wetlands, also under conservation status. In the presbytery, there is a large crucifix which is probably made from corn stalk in the colonial era as well as a holy water font from the 16th century. It was first organized in 1956, with the goal so attracting tourism and encouraging youth to maintain traditions. It is also home to species called pocket gophers, skunks, squirrels, snakes and bats. Another dike was constructed to separate the lakes. There is also a fault line south of Avenida Tláhuac. Just under eighty percent of housing units are owned by their occupants, but still about ninety percent of housing units are single family homes. It begins with a procession of the image of the patron saint, the Apostle Peter, in decorated trajinera boats in the chinampa areas of Lago de los Reyes Aztecas. (Álbum fotográfico) Registro fotográfico de Isaac Ramírez Martínez en formato de publicación electrónica, que tiene el objetivo de mostrar parte de la biodiversidad y la vocación agrícola del pueblo de San Pedró Tlahuac. The main festivals are for Our Lady of Solitude from 2–5 January and for John the Baptist from 22 – 24 June. Lunes, martes y miércoles santo Other important locations include La Troje, site of Mexican Revolution activity, the charrería ring, the former Xico hacienda and two environmental education centers. There are public libraries in Santiago Zapotitlán, San Pedro Tláhuac, Colonial del Mar, Miguel Hidalgo and Tetelco. El orden es el siguiente Barrio de los Reyes, La Magdalena y San Miguel. anterior al 5 domingo de Cuaresma  , The main problems confronting the borough, like others in the south of the Federal District, are urban sprawl and environmental concerns. It contains exhibitions of local archeological pieces which mostly date between 1200 and 1500CE but also some from the Toltec and Teotihuacan periods. Colonia San Jose, Overall, there is a significant lack of cultural institutions such as theaters, auditoriums and museums. Soon after, it was dominated by the Aztecs. Tláhuac: Pueblo lacustre. Another important landmark is the Gate or Arch of Tlaltenco, which dates to the colonial period.  The borough extends over 89.5.km2 of territory, accounting for 5.75% of the Federal District. Most agriculture is found in the south and east with just over 4,000 hectares are under cultivation in the borough growing corn, animal feed, spinach, alfalfa and figs. Estos son el Templo y exconvento de San Pedro el cual data del siglo XVI con modificaciones en los siglos posteriores y el Antiguo palacio de gobierno que data del siglo XIX..  The Universidad Insurgentes has several installations in the borough. Tláhuac was connected to the mainland by two causeways leading to Santiago Zapotitlán and Tulyehualco.  In the latter 19th century, steamships traveling between Mexico City and Chalco passed by. Flood control projects continued, with drainage of lake area begun in 1555. Los primeros pobladores debieron asentarse ahí hacia fines del siglo XII, en 1430, después de que Izcóatl y Nezahualcóyotl, señores de México y Texcoco, acabaran con el imperio de Azcapotzalco. Zapatistas under Everardo González took over the area from federal troops with the support of the local people. Barrios y Colonias: Other areas with significant residential growth are Zapotitlán and San Francisco Tlaltenco which has led to a deterioration of their traditional rural appearance. However at that time urban sprawl began to reach it changing much of the community's way of life.  Canal and lake waters have moderate problems with pollution in the way of garbage and the infestation of non-native water lily plants. San Pedro Tláhuac Tradicional Yesterday at 4:12 PM ¡Somos un pueblo chinampero que se resiste a morir!, sigamos protegiendo nuestras chinampas y humedales  The borough is part of the Valley of Mexico, in the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt that extends across central Mexico. The territory is classified into three zones, flat lakebed, transitional areas and hills with accumulated volcanic materials. Barrio San Juan, Morelos y Pavón", "Diagnóstico de la deserción escolar en Tláhuac", "Programa Delegacional de Desarrollo Urbano de Tláhuac", "Parque Xalli, alternativa de esparcimiento en la Delegación Tláhuac", "San Francisco Tlaltenco: "A la Orilla de la Tierra, "San Nicolás Tetelco: Hacinamiento de piedras", "Quieren reinsertar a pandilleros de Tláhuac", "Ruta exprés de RTP conectará a Tláhuac con la Línea 12", "Temen "quiebra" por rutas de Edomex en Tláhuac", "Obras de la línea 12 destruyeron avenida Tláhuac", Comisión Organizadora de la Feria Anual Patronal en San Pedro Tláhuac, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tláhuac&oldid=983159368, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Articles with Spanish-language sources (es), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Av. Most of the mixed use space is in the northwest of the borough and along Avenida Tláhuac. Its current name has been interpreted to mean “the third part of the south road,” the “nose of an amphibian” and “land of ants.” The name change came with the town's refounding in 1924 when ejido members organized their lands among themselves. , Most of the wild vegetation of the area is that of grassland with very little forest mostly due to a long history of agriculture in the area. In 1895, a project was started to drain Lake Chalco. , Public high schools of the Instituto de Educación Media Superior del Distrito Federal (IEMS) include:, Transportation for the borough connects the area with neighboring boroughs and the State of Mexico. Twenty eight percent is involved in manufacturing and about 3.5% work in agriculture, the highest percentage in the Federal District.  This church was built on top of a sanctuary for the goddess of life and death with archeological excavations finding many artifacts including a Chac Mool and two rings for a Mesoamerican ball court. It consists of a mass and exhibition of the Host on the main altar of the church for 40 hours, surrounded by flowers, sawdust carpets, live music, dances and fireworks. Hay diferentes sabores y hasta puestos de amaranto. On the border with the State of Mexico, there is an important ecological reserve lake area called the Cieniega de Tláhuac. Another important traditional dance, especially in Santiago Zapotitlan is the Dance of Moors and Christians also called the Danza de los Santiagueros (Dance of those of Saint James).  It extends over 72 hectares and features an artificial lake, a teaching farm/greenhouse, a cactus garden, volleyball and basketball courts, soccer fields, track, bicycle paths and an area for cultural events. , Much of the area is former shallow lake with remaining open water, wetlands and canals. There are thirty areas where there is illegal house building, mostly near the Sierra de Santa Catarina and around San Juan Ixtayopan and La Conchita. The first two are important as sources of water for the chinampas of the borough and as a tourist attraction. , The name “Tláhuac” comes from Nahuatl, mostly likely a derivation of “Cuitláhuac”.  Until the 1960s, the community was isolated from Mexico City. En el interior se conservan algunas esculturas de San Pedro Apóstol, San Joaquín y la Santísima Trinidad. It has a large sand area for children, as well as a trampoline, pool, tree house and mini zip lines.  On the south end is the Tehuitli Volcanco with an altitude of 2,700 meters above sea level. Despite having a significant amount former lakebed the borough in general is not prone to earthquake damage, with only a few areas with susceptibility scattered in the borough. Other events include the selection of a fair queen, conferences, cultural events, concerts, dances, fireworks and more, with proceeds going to the restoration of the San Pedro Apostal Church. , Pollution problems in the borough stem from the urbanization of the area.  In the colonial period, the Spanish authorities initially emphasized Mixquic as a political center because it has only one indigenous chief, while Tláhuac was divided under four.  There have been some efforts at reforestation.  The Bosque de Tláhuac is a recreational area with a number of attractions, which was opened in 2007, converted from a former landfill. , San Francisco Tlaltenco is one of the largest communities in the borough, located in the north of the borough on the south side of the Sierra de Santa Catarina. Los preparativos para estos días inician desde el mes de julio, es decir una vez pasando la fiesta patronal y antes del 16 de julio, fiesta de la virgen del Carmen, se siembra la flor de Cempazuchitl, aprovechando las lluvias del verano y otoño. From that time until well into the colonial period, it was an island in the waters between Lake Chalco and Lake Xochimilco, and was the capital of a dominion that stretched of much of what is now the borough of Tláhuac. Ojalá mas vecinos del pueblo repitan estas acciones en sus respectivos barrios El día 10 es el más importante de la fiesta, todo se hace como en los días anteriores, la diferencia es que alrededor de las 4 o 5 de la tarde comienza la procesión por todo el pueblo y cuenta con la participación de todas la asociaciones católicas de San Pedro Tláhuac y de algunos pueblos vecinos, a la cabeza va una bandera con la imagen de la virgen de San Juan de los Lagos y posteriormente 2 filas a los laterales con los estandartes con imágenes de diversos santos. There are both public and private bus lines, mostly working out of four official bus stations. It is housed in the former civil registry office and was the first museum established in the borough. 28: en este día empiezan las celebraciones. Las actividades empiezan con las tradicionales mañanitas ofrecidas por los barrios y continúan varias actividades que se suspenden a la 1 de la tarde que es la hora en la que se celebra la Misa Principal y que cuenta con la participación de los organizadores de la feria así como diversos sacerdotes invitados. The most important pieces are a chac-mool, the remains of a teotlachtli, clay and stone seals, a tzompantli and a cylindrical serpent.  The Andrés Quintana Roo Museum has a collection of 279 archeological pieces from the collectionof Dr. Socorro Bernal Roque. However, most of the borough still has fewer than 100 per hectare. Later these forces battled those loyal to Venustiano Carranza in the power struggles that ensued among the rebel factions. Remains of its chapel, main house and workers’ living quarters still remain. Felicidades! En el lugar ya se encuentran elementos del Heroico Cuerpo de Bomberos. LA ZONA DE LOS HUMEDALES  The town was the site of the Battles of Ixtayopan during the Mexican Revolution.  The Lago de los Reyes Aztecas (Lake of the Aztec Kings) is a lake that covers 1.9 hectares and connects to the large network of canals and chinampas of the borough. La romería o venta de productos inicia un fin de semana antes. The town is noted for its atole, cooked traditionally over a wood fire. Se celebran diferentes misas y por lo general una banda de viento sinfónica recorre el pueblo o se presenta en la plaza cívica. In the tower there is a clock dating to 1924, which was donated by the Ejido of Tláhuac. Asociaciones Católicas: Posteriormente sale una pequeña imagen de la parroquia hacia algún embarcadero ubicado en los barrios de San Juan o Santa Ana donde la imagen acompañada del Párroco, Jefe y estructura Delegacional, los comisionados y la reina, las princesas y la señorita fotogenia y Miss Simpatía de la feria, inicia un recorrido por la chinamperia y canales de San Pedro Tláhuac donde muchos propietarios instalan juegos pirotécnicos que son encendidos cuando pasa la imagen, el recorrido termina en el Lago de los Reyes de donde la imagen es llevada a la parroquia con la ofrenda de los campesinos que son las hortalizas que se produjeron durante el año para iniciar una serenata al Santo Patrono que finaliza en la madrugada del 29 de junio. Angel Martell Diciembre 7, 2016.  Around the town, there is an areas with chinampas and a small residual lake called the Lago de los Reyes Aztecas, which also hosts the “Museo Vivo” (Live Museum) about the canals and farming of the area. The borough has a 5.61% illiteracy rate which compares favorably to the rest of Mexico City, but drop out rates are a concern. Barrio San Miguel, Terminada la procesión empieza la misa solemne de clausura y después se prosigue a la quema de castillos pirotécnicos y se da por terminada la fiesta. Isabel Palacios Abril 30, 2014. San Pedro Tláhuac es la cabecera delegacional fundada hacia el siglo XII, ahí es posible visitar el templo de San Pedro construido en el año de 1529. Durante la conquista, los franciscanos construyeron el actual templo de San Pedro Apóstol a principios del siglo XVI.  After the end of the military conflict, residents petitioned for autonomy, leading to the segregation of Tláhuac from Xochimilco in 1924 as a municipality. En este día las celebraciones son como cualquier domingo Ala 1 de la tarde inicia la Misa Solemne de Resurrección y terminando esta todo el pueblo de San Pedro Tláhuac sale al carnaval y celebrar la victoria de cristo sobre la muerte. Tanto en la Explanada Delegacional como en el Centro Social de Barrio todo el centro histórico de Tláhuac es tomado por comerciantes que ofrecen sus productos así como policías y granaderos que se encargan de vigilar la fiesta. , Between 60,000 and 70,000 families inhabit 93 irregular settlements in Tlahuac. It also comes in from Coyoacan and Xochimilco through the Canal de Chalco and Anillo Periférico, as well as from Valle de Solidaridad Chalco in the State of Mexico. Es la fiesta más grande del pueblo; se celebra a San Pedro Apóstol.  A reenactment of Palm Sunday has been held each year at San Pedro Tláhuac for over eighty years, with the procession winding its way through eight different neighborhoods. The borough of Tláhuac is located in the southeastern part of the Federal District of Mexico City, about 60 km from the historic center of Mexico City .  The Mexican Revolution soon followed with one major battle at San Juan Ixtayopan between forces loyal to Emiliano Zapata and Venustiano Carranza. After the Spanish conquest, the ceremonial center was destroyed on top was built a church and monastery dedicated to Saint Peter, dated to 1529. However, in some areas, density has climbed to over 200 per hectare mostly in the northwest.  In August, San Juan Ixtayopan hosts an annual Corn Fair to promote products made with the grain as well as the local culture. , The borough has two groups of police and five monitoring stations.  The borough expands over much of the former Lake Chalco and Lake Xochimilco where the two connected, which were drained over the centuries since the Spanish conquest.  Agriculture remained the main economic activity. These carnivals begin on the fourth Sunday of Lent. One argument was that it would worsen the already bad traffic congestion by encouraging more urban sprawl. El rostro de nuestro pasado prehispánico Los 5 braseros ceremoniale... s de San Pedro Tláhuac encontrados en 1995 por Jesús Galindo hoy se exponen en la sala mexica del museo de Antropología e historia del INAH. The tradition in San Francisco Tlaltenco goes back to the end of the 19th century. No confundir la Feria de la Nieve con la de San Pedro, la del pueblo. Most of the wildlife of the area has been extinguished because of human encroachment but in the Santa Catarina mountains there are still badgers, cacomistle and bats as well as various kinds of rodents and birds found throughout the borough. , A major change in public transportation is the completion of Line 12 of the Mexico City Metro, which a terminal in Tláhuac. Pasando los 4 días principales la feria continua hasta su clausura. , San Nicolás Tetelco is centered on its parish church dedicated to Nicholas of Tolentino, constructed in the 17th century. A las 7 de la noche empieza el pésame a la Virgen de los dolores con un rosario ofrecido por los grupos parroquiales. Tláhuac is one of the 16 municipalities into which Mexico City is divided. It is also home to the former hacienda Santa Fe, which was founded in the 17th century which operated until the Mexican Revolution. Empieza el día 6 de febrero cuando el pueblo de San Pedro Tláhuac alrededor de las 6 de la tarde recibe del pueblo de Santiago Tulyehualco al Santísimo en los límites de los dos pueblos. Barrio de la Guadalupe, Alas 8 de la noche inicia la procesión del silencio en la que penitente encapuchados procesionan a el Santo Entierro(imagen de Cristo muerto) acompañado por los signos de la pasión(cruz, clavos, corona de espinas, letrero con la causa de la condena)en una urna, la Virgen de los dolores, la Magdalena(vestidas de negro) san Juan Apóstol(vestido de color blanco y con un manto rojo o roza mexicano) y el sacerdote vestido como de cuaresma, los monaguillos con cruz alta y ciriales adornados con listones negros y morados y algunos ministros. Three orders began evangelical work, the Augustinians in Mixquic and the Franciscans, replaced by the Dominicans in Tláhuac. Agrícola Metropolitana, Villa Centroamericana, Santiago Norte and La Asunción, mostly due to the construction of apartment buildings. , The Tláhuac was established on a small island in the waters between Lake Chalco and Lake Xochimilco in 1222 by the Chichimecas. It served as a customs checkpoint until just after the Mexican War of Independence.  The San Pedro church as three naves with images of Saint Peter, Saint Joachim and the Holy Trinity inside. It is the most important tourist attraction of the borough with docks and trajinera boats. San Pedro Tláhuac.  San Pedro Tláhuac is also the site of the Regional Fair of Tláhuac. , The most important communities in the borough are called the Seven Original/Native Towns of Tláhuac (Siete Pueblos Originarios de Tláhuac), meaning that they were established before the arrival of the Spanish.  Los Humedales wetlands is an ecological reserve which covers between 400 and 800 hectares depending on whether it is the rainy or dry season, a remnant of Lake Chalco. Urbanization is most prominent in the northwest of the borough, which has most of the area's apartment complexes. Colonia Santa Cecilia y Los días más importantes son el 28, 29, 30 de junio y 1 de julio Algunos estandartes solo se usan como representantes del pueblo en alguna peregrinación).  Other landmarks include the Plaza Emiliano Zapata, which is surrounded by older constructions, the Monument to Christ the King, the Ahuapa sports facility, the Ayaquemetl ecological area and the chinampa zones. Although it has been severely affected urban sprawl, there is still some chinampa farming surrounding it. , After the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire, colonial authorities defined Tláhuac as extending to Zapotitlán, Cuauhtlitl-Tlacuayan (Santa Catarina) and Tulyehualco.  Other cultural institutions in the borough include the Centro Cultural Zapotitlán, Centro Cultural Santa Catarina, Centro Cultural Nopalera, Casa de Cultura Diego Rivera, Casa de Cultura Frida Kahlo, Casa de Cultura Ampliación Los Olivos and the Casa de Cultura Rosario Castellanos. , The borough has sixty seven preschools, seventy nine primary schools, twenty three middle schools and four high schools.  There are four main canals: Chalco, Guadalupano, Atecuyuac and Amecameca. La fiesta comienza dos domingos antes del 29 de junio con una procesión solemne por las principales calles del pueblo, el lunes siguiente se empieza un novenario. , Just under seventy percent of the population is under age thirty but this percentage has been slowing shrinking as the borough ages. However, its meaning is in dispute, with interpretations including “the place where cuítatl (a type of algae) is gathered”, “place where the Lord sings”, “guardian or steward of the land", “born among the rocks of the lakes” and “place of he who cares for the water”. San Pedro Apóstol church in San Pedro Tláhuac The most important communities in the borough are called the Seven Original/Native Towns of Tláhuac (Siete Pueblos Originarios de Tláhuac), meaning that they were established before the arrival of the Spanish.  Customs gates were installed on the main canals in Tlatenco and Tulyehualco to collect taxes on various vegetables, cereals and alcohol from the state of Morelos. Tláhuac y sus pueblos. The Baile del Guajolote (Dance of the Turkey) is a traditional dance in the towns of Santiago Zapotitlán and San Pedro Tláhuac, which is performed at weddings, baptism, first communions and quinceañeras. , Typical foods are mostly similar to those found in the rest of Mexico City. , In November 2004, three policemen were surrounded by an angry mob in San Juan Ixtayopan. Barrio de los Los Reyes, The end result was two of the policemen burned alive with one rescued hours after the incident began. From the second half of the 20th century, the population and number of housing units has risen rapidly.
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